LIMITS OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY IN ENGINEERING
||LIMITS OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY IN ENGINEERING
||4th Symposium, Intelligent Systems, Croatian Systems Society, Zagreb, June 11th, 1998
||Excitement about possibilities of artificial intelligence has been shared in engineering professions as well. It has been predicted that because engineering designs (unlike architectural) are subject to "objective" evaluation, they could just as well be made by intelligent computer software. In this paper, the author claims that this is wrong. The optimistic predictions are founded on the beliefs that the strong AI and cognitive science community take for granted - that mentally engineers deal with models of objective reality, that together with others engineers they take part in various processes which result in building products, and that one of such processes is design which is in fact problem solving where a best solution is selected from a set of possible ones; and that these processes could be reproduced mechanically. There has been quite a lot of criticism of the strong AI approaches, particularly after extensive research in AI did not live up to its promise. The author's main line of work has not been AI, but he was surprised how many of the arguments of the AI critics can also be applied to some other research directions in engineering, particularly to that of product-model based integration.
In this paper the author uses the theory of "hermeneutic constructivism" to explain the limitations of the "representation-centred" engineering software, warns against extrapolation from limited prototypes and suggests some alternate directions, such as weak AI, agents, groupware and workflow tools that could lead to useful engineering software as well.
||critique of AI, hermeneutic constructivism, information technology, civil engineering, Heidegger
||file.pdf (38,878 bytes)
||gradbena informatika, kritika umetne inteligence, gradbeništvo, Heidegger, CAD, fenomenologija
||Uvodno predavanje - Na sestankih z mednarodno udeležbo ali v tujini (do 5 točk) (1.4.2)
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